Contents


Chapter    Title                                                                                                                           Page

10.1            Introduction_______________________________________________________________ 10-1

10.2            Landscape and Visual Legislations, Standards and Guidelines________________________ 10-1

10.3            Assessment Methodology____________________________________________________ 10-6

10.4            Baseline Study____________________________________________________________ 10-12

10.5            Evaluation and Assessment of Landscape and Visual Impacts_______________________ 10-43

10.6            Considerations of Alternatives________________________________________________ 10-85

10.7            Mitigation Measures________________________________________________________ 10-85

10.8            Residual Impacts_________________________________________________________ 10-103

10.9            Environmental Monitoring and Audit__________________________________________ 10-118

10.10          Conclusion_____________________________________________________________ 10-118

 

Tables

Table 10.1:_ Impact significance – relationship between sensitivity and magnitude of change_ 10-8

Table 10.2:_ Assessment categories for residual impacts 10-8

Table 10.3:_ Impact significance – relationship between sensitivity and magnitude of change_ 10-10

Table 10.4:_ Landscape resources and sensitivity 10-14

Table 10.5:_ Landscape character areas and sensitivity 10-23

Table 10.6:_ Types of VSRs 10-27

Table 10.7:_ VSRs identified within the visual envelope_ 10-30

Table 10.8:_ Sensitivity of the VSRs 10-37

Table 10.9:_ Source of impacts during construction and operation phase_ 10-43

Table 10.10: Impacts on landscape resources during construction and operation phase_ 10-45

Table 10.11: Impacts on landscape character areas during construction and operation phase_ 10-48

Table 10.12: Source of visual impacts during construction phase_ 10-58

Table 10.13: Source of visual impacts during operation phase_ 10-60

Table 10.14: Magnitude of change of VSRs 10-65

Table 10.15: Assessment of visual impact during construction phase_ 10-69

Table 10.16: Assessment of visual impact during operation phase_ 10-75

Table 10.17: Sources of potential cumulative landscape and visual impacts from concurrent projects in the surrounding areas, and affected LRs, LCAs and VSRs 10-82

Table 10.18: Landscape mitigation measures during construction phase_ 10-86

Table 10.19: Landscape mitigation measures during operation phase_ 10-87

Table 10.20: Significance of impacts on landscape resources during construction and operation phases 10-92

Table 10.21: Significance of impacts on landscape character area during construction and operation phases (all impacts are adverse unless otherwise stated) 10-94

Table 10.22: Visual mitigation measures during construction phase_ 10-96

Table 10.23: Good design features and visual mitigation measures during operation phase_ 10-101

Table 10.24: Residual impacts on landscape character areas during construction and operation phase_ 10-106

Table 10.25: Residual impacts on existing trees during construction phase_ 10-109

Table 10.26: Residual impacts on visually sensitive receivers during operation phase_ 10-112

 

 

Figures

Figure 10.1           Baseline Landscape Resources within the Assessment Area (Reference Plan)

Figure 10.1a         Baseline Landscape Resources within the Assessment Area (Sheet 1 of 4)

Figure 10.1b         Baseline Landscape Resources within the Assessment Area (Sheet 2 of 4)

Figure 10.1c         Baseline Landscape Resources within the Assessment Area (Sheet 3 of 4)

Figure 10.1d         Baseline Landscape Resources within the Assessment Area (Sheet 4 of 4)

Figure 10.2a         Baseline Landscape Resources Photo Record (Sheet 1 of 20)

Figure 10.2b         Baseline Landscape Resources Photo Record (Sheet 2 of 20)

Figure 10.2c         Baseline Landscape Resources Photo Record (Sheet 3 of 20)

Figure 10.2d         Baseline Landscape Resources Photo Record (Sheet 4 of 20)<